Wildlife – reference list
1) Beerling, D., 2002, CO2 and the end-Triassic mass extinction, Nature, 415:286-287
Forests – reference list
1) Middlebro, B., 2001, Directory of Primary Wood Using Insdustries in Manitoba, Canadian Forest Services, Natural Resources Canada
2) Kasting, J.F., 1998, The carbon cycle, climate and the long-term effects of fossil fuel burning, Consequences, 4: 1-15
3) Brown, S., 1996, The world’s forest resources, Unasylva, 43: 3-10
4) Auclair, A and T. Carter, 1993, Forest wildfires as a recent source of of CO2 at northern latitudes, Canadian Journal of Forestry Research, 23: 1528-1536
6) Volney, W.J and R.A. Fleming, 2000, Climate change and the impacts of boreal forest insects, Agriculture, Ecosystems and the Environment, 82: 283-294
8) Oechel, W.C. and G.L. Vourlitis, 1994, The effect of climate change on land-atmosphere feedbacks in arctic tundra regions, Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 9: 324-329
9) Hogg, T., 1995, Biological Effects of Climate Change: The Western Canadian Boreal Forest, The Ecological Monitoring and Assessment Network. First National Meeting Report
10) Stennes, B., E. Krcmar-Nozic and G.C. van Kooten, 1998, Climate Change and Forestry: What Policy for Canada? Forest Economics and Policy Analysis Research Unit, University of British Columbia. Vanvouver, B.C. 13pp
11) Roulet, N., A. Bhardwaj, N. Comer, M. Letts, T. Moore and C. Roehm, 1997, Modelling biospheric-climatic feedbacks in peatland ecosystems, In Clair et al., 1997
12) Hogg, T., 1995, Biological Effects of Climate Change: The Western Canadian Boreal Forest, The Ecological Monitoring and Assessment Network. First National Meeting Report
13) Hogg, E.H. and P.A. Hurdle, 1995, The aspen parkland in western Canada: A dry-climate analogue for the future boreal forest? Water, Air abd Soil Pollution, 82: 301-400
14) Stennes, B.. E. Krcmar-Nozic and G.C. van Kooten, 1998, Climate Change and Forestry: What Policy for Canada? Forest Economics and Policy Analysis Research Unit, University of British Columbia. Vanvouver, B.C. 13pp
Wildlife in Manitoba – reference list
1) Wiig, O., S. Amstrup, T. Atwood, K. Laidre, N. Lunn, M. Obbard, E. Regehr, and G. Thiemann, 2015, Ursus maritimus, The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015, http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T22823A14871490.en.
2) Molnár, P.K. et al, 2011, Predicting climate change impacts on polar bear litter size, Nat. Commun. 2:186, doi: 10.1038/ncomms1183.
3) Fraser, W.R., W.Z. Trivelpiece, D.G. Ainley and S.G. Trivelpiece, 1992, Increases in Antarctic penguin populations: Reduced competition with whales or a loss of sea ice due to environmental warming? Polar Biology, 11:525-531
4) Stirling, I. and E.H. McEwan, 1975, The caloric value of whole ringed seals (Phoca hispida) in relation to polar bear (Ursus maritimius) ecology and hunting behaviour, Canadian Journal of Zoology, 53: 1021-1027
5) Stirling, I. and A.E. Derocher, 1993, Possible impacts of climactic warming on polar bears, Arctic, 46:240-245
6) Stirling, I., N.J. Lunn and J. Iacozza, 1999, Long-term trends in the population ecology of polar bears in Western Hudson Bay in relation to climatic change, Arctic, 52: 294-306
7) Burns, J.J., L.H. Shapiro, and F.H. Fay, 1981, Ice as marine mammal habitat in the Bering Sea. In The Eastern Bering Sea Shelf: Oceanography and Resources, Vol. 2. Eds. D.W. Hood and J.A. Calder, University of Washington Press, Seattle, Pp. 781-797
8) Stirling, I., 2017, What about the ringed seals as the climate warms?, https://polarbearsinternational.org/news/article-climate-change/what-about-the-ringed-seals-as-the-arctic-climate-warms/
9) Polar Bear Science, 2015, Snow depth over spring sea ice affects polar bear feeding success and ringed seal survival, https://polarbearscience.com/2015/05/14/snow-depth-over-spring-sea-ice-affects-polar-bear-feeding-success-and-ringed-seal-survival/
11) IUCN, 2009, Beluga Whales and Climate Change, https://cmsdata.iucn.org/downloads/fact_sheet_red_list_beluga.pdf
12) Lenart, E. A., R.T. Bowyer, J.V. Hoef, and R.W. Ruess, 2002, Climate change and caribou: Effects of summer weather on forage, Canadian Journal of Zoology,80(4), 664-678.
13) Yan, C., N.C. Stenseth, C. J., Krebs, and Z. Zhang, 2013, Linking climate change to population cycles of hares and lynx, Global Change Biology, doi:10.1111/gcb.12321
14) Hersteinsson, P. and D.W. MacDonald, 1992, Interspecific competition and the geographical distribution of red and arctic foxes Vulpes vulpes and Alopex lagopus, Oikos, 64: 505-515
15) Monarch Butterfly, World Wildlife Fund, https://www.worldwildlife.org/pages/monarch-butterflies-and-climate-change
16) Centre for Biological Diversity, Saving the Monarch Butterfly, http://www.biologicaldiversity.org/species/invertebrates/monarch_butterfly/index.html
17) Guzzo, M., et al. Behavioral Responses to Annual Temperature Variation Alter the Dominant Energy Pathway, Growth, and Condition of a Cold-Water Predator. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 114, no. 37, 2017, pp. 9912–9917., doi:10.1073/pnas.1702584114.
18) Chu, C., et al., 2005, Potential Impacts of Climate Change on the Distributions of Several Common and Rare Freshwater Fishes in Canada. Diversity and Distributions, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 299–310., doi:10.1111/j.1366-9516.2005.00153.x.
19) Sharma, S., et al. 2007, Will Northern Fish Populations Be in Hot Water Because of Climate Change?, Global Change Biology, vol. 13, no. 10, pp. 2052–2064., doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2007.01426.x.
20) Sharma, S., et al. 2009, Quantifying the Potential Effects of Climate Change and the Invasion of Smallmouth Bass on Native Lake Trout Populations across Canadian Lakes, Ecography, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 517–525., doi:10.1111/j.1600-0587.2008.05544.x.
21) Rodenhouse, N.L., et al., 2009, Climate Change Effects on Native Fauna of Northeastern Forests, This Article Is One of a Selection of Papers from NE Forests 2100: A Synthesis of Climate Change Impacts on Forests of the Northeastern US and Eastern Canada, Canadian Journal of Forest Research, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 249–263., doi:10.1139/x08-160.
22) Lehikoinen, A., et al., 2010, The Impact of Climate and Cyclic Food Abundance on the Timing of Breeding and Brood Size in Four Boreal Owl Species, Oecologia, vol. 165, no. 2, pp. 349–355., doi:10.1007/s00442-010-1730-1.
23) Ostaff, D. P., and D. A. Maclean, 1989, Spruce Budworm Populations, Defoliation, and Changes in Stand Condition during an Uncontrolled Spruce Budworm Outbreak on Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canadian Journal of Forest Research, vol. 19, no. 9, pp. 1077–1086., doi:10.1139/x89-164.