The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was established in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The panel was created to provide policy-makers with an objective source of information about climate change.
The panel’s role is to be comprehensive, objective, transparent, and use the best available information on climate change. The IPCC does not carry out research or do any monitoring of climate and related phenomena. The IPCC is only open to member states of the WMO and UNEP.
IPCC publications are widely cited in almost any debate related to climate change. They have become standard works of reference and are generally regarded as the authority. All IPCC technical reports are based on information contained in peer-reviewed literature and published scientific literature. The reports face extensive scientific review and draw on the works of hundreds of experts from around the world.
The latest IPCC report was pubished in 2014. This is the Fifth Assessment Report (AR5).