- Federal Government of Canada
- Manitoba Provincial Government
- City of Winnipeg
- City of Brandon
- City of Dauphin
- City of Morden
- Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM)
Federal Government of Canada
The Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change was released in 2016 as a national collective plan (find PDF here). Manitoba and Saskatchewan were the only two provinces to not sign on. The framework is broken down into the following areas that address various economic sectors, innovative technologies, and resilience for climate change.
- Complementary actions to reduce emissions
- Adaptation and climate resilience
- Clean technology, innovation, and jobs
As part of the framework, the federal government also mandated that each province and territory establish a means of pricing carbon pollution.
The framework is a working plan to reach the goal of reducing carbon from the 2016 projected levels of 742 Mt of carbon dioxide to 523 Mt of carbon dioxide by 2030. This goal involves the following reduction of future emissions:
- Reduction of 89 Mt from measures announced in November 2016 (ex. heavy duty vehicles, provincial carbon pollution measures, and international cap and trade)
- Reduction of 86 Mt from measures announced in the Pan-Canadian Framework, including those associated with electricity (ex. Coal phase out by 2030), buildings, transportation, and industry
- Reduction of 44 Mt from public transit and green infrastructure, technology and innovation, and stored carbon (forests, wetlands, soils)
The Canadian Government later released the Federal Actions for a Clean Growth Economy that addresses the federal plans of action. Find the PDF version here.
Here is the First Annual Synthesis Report on the Status of Implementation, released in December 2017, that outlines climate action that has occurred in the first year of the Pan-Canadian Framework.
Manitoba Provincial Government
The Province of Manitoba is a founding member and ongoing supporter of Climate Change Connection.
In 2016, the federal government announced that each province and territory was to introduce either a cap and trade system or a carbon tax by 2018. The Manitoban government chose to design a made-in-Manitoba carbon pricing option that would take into consideration the province’s history of low-carbon hydroelectricity generation.
In March 2017, the province of Manitoba held public consultations to explore what Manitobans wanted for a greener future. Later that year, the Made-in-Manitoba Climate and Green Plan was released. This strategic plan includes four main pillars: climate, jobs, water, and nature.
The pillars include the following focus areas:
- Clean Energy
- Carbon Pricing
- Sector Emissions Reductions
- Innovation and Cleantech
- Financing and Investment
- Skills and Training
- Green Infrastructure
- Wetlands and Watersheds
- Agriculture and Land Use
- Flood and Drought
- Water Quality
- Parks and Protected Areas
- Wild Species and Habitat
- Forests and Natural Areas
The provincial government has yet to release an official plan for how the carbon tax will be put to use. Additionally, Manitoba still requires a central policy to determine the impacts that climate change will have on infrastructure.
EXPERT ADVISORY COUNCIL FOR CLIMATE AND GREEN PLAN
In June 2018, Sustainable Development Minister Squires announced the professionals that will advise the government as the Made-in-Manitoba Climate and Green Plan gets underway. The council will provide recommendations on policy, programs, and measures within the plan. For more information on the individuals of the advisory council, click here.
The Province of Manitoba has been involved in a variety of activities to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to address climate change effects. These actions have ranged from support for fundamental climate change research and development to support for reducing the emissions from new and existing facilities.
Climate change research and development covering a wide area of topics has received assistance. These range from research into the past climatic record of the province to a wind energy resource assessment.
In terms of reducing emissions, some of the more notable efforts include the conversion of Manitoba Hydro’s Selkirk Generation Station from coal to natural gas, the use of procurement policies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and the advanced energy-efficiency standards adopted in construction of new capital projects such as the new Red River Community College downtown campus.
The City of Winnipeg has been working on a Climate Action Plan, which is expected to be released in spring 2018. Public consultations and plans have been underway since late 2017. For information on the process thus far, click here. A copy of the January 2017 Climate Change Working Group final report is available here.
OurWinnipeg published a direction strategy in 2011 called A Sustainable Winnipeg (found here). This strategy includes Winnipeggers’ suggestions for a city with a strong environmental, economic, and social future.
City of Brandon
Brandon’s Environmental Strategic Plan was released May 2013. The plan is broken down into four areas of focus, including air, land, water, and energy. Each category addresses several topics of interest for improvement. The city has chose seven main goals to focus their attention on, each with a strategic action plan:
- Improve Air Quality
- Reduce Land Contamination
- Reduce the Consumption of Treated Water
- Reduce the Pollution Levels in Wastewater Prior to Treatment;
- Reduce Energy Consumption
- Improve Sustainable Development Practices
- Lead by Example, Promote Awareness and Measure Progress
Annual updates since 2013 can be found here. The plan will be reviewed every five years, with an update expected in 2018.
Find a snapshot of Brandon’s Environmental Strategic Plan here.
Find the complete version of Brandon’s Environmental Strategic Plan here.
Brandon has been successful in several sustainability initiatives, including:
- Offering a curbside green cart program since 2012
- Obtaining certification as the 19th Fair Trade Town
- Certifying the Brandon Municipal Airport as the area’s first LEED building
- Planting hundreds of trees to “green” the city
Brandon has also developed an extensive greenspace plan to continue to develop and promote natural areas within the city. Find the Greenspace Master Plan here.
City of Dauphin
Within the Communities in Bloom- 5 Year (2016-2020) Beautification Plan (found here), the City of Dauphin includes actions for implementing climate-resilient landscapes. Specific highlights include:
- Water conservation programming
- Compost education programming & promotion
- Integrated Pest Management (IPM) techniques
- Community education and partnerships
- Tree management plan
Find more information about the City of Dauphin’s Communities in Bloom work here.
City of Morden
In the 2017-2021 Corporate Plan, the City of Morden includes plans for environmental management. Some strategies include:
- Reduce waste to landfill- 50% by 2020
- Get wastewater to legislative levels
- Create a storm water management system
- Ensure water security
- Improve integrated pest management system
Morden has been successful in implementing a curbside compost collection. A recent by-law was created to remove organic, compostable, recyclable, and hazardous material from the landfill.
FCM is a network for Canadian municipalities to share knowledge and learn from each other. They recognize the importance of local governments taking action, especially against climate change. The FCM website features excellent resources for creating climate change resilience and mitigation, that can be found here and below.
- Climate Change and Resilience
- The Green Economy
- Climate Change Adaptation
- Partners for Climate Protection (PCP)
- The PCP Milestone Tool
- Federal Assessment Process
- Green Municipal Fund