In this section, you will learn about the two types of sequestration:
- Geological sequestration – the separation and capture of CO2 at the point of emissions followed by storage in deep underground geologic formations (also known as carbon capture and storage or CCS)
- Biological / terrestrial sequestration – the net removal of CO2 from the atmosphere by plants and micro-organisms and its storage in vegetative biomass (biological) and in soils (terrestrial)
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Carbon sequestration is the process by which natural and artificial carbon dioxide sinks remove CO2 from the atmosphere that would otherwise persist for a long time.